The Influence of Social Identity Salience on General Self-efficacy
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
Date of Award
The overall goal of this research was to explore the effect of social identity salience on general self-efficacy. Self-efficacy and general self-efficacy have both been commonly understood as being individual difference measures. General self-efficacy has also traditionally been viewed as a stable personality trait. However, research has shown that measures assessing personality traits can change depending on social identity salience. In the first study, I explored whether salience of social identities (i.e., religious identity and university student identity) impacted ratings of general of self-efficacy, and it was predicted that participants in the religion and university student conditions would rate general self-efficacy higher than those who were not primed with an identity. The hypothesis was not supported; however, there was a significant correlation between ingroup identification and general self-efficacy, which indicates there is a relationship between the two factors. In Study 2, outgroup comparisons were manipulated to assess the degree of change in ratings of general self-efficacy when an ingroup identity was salient. From the results, I demonstrated that outgroup comparisons did significantly impact ratings of general self-efficacy. The findings indicate that ratings of general self-efficacy, and thus personality traits, may be tied to social identity processes. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Education | Educational Psychology
Sadler, Theresa, "The Influence of Social Identity Salience on General Self-efficacy" (2018). Electronic Theses & Dissertations. 870.