The Challenges, Conflicts, and Effective Practices of Rural East Texas Superintendents: A Phenomenological Study

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)


Educational Administration

Date of Award

Fall 2016


The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the lived experiences, challenges, conflicts, and administrative practices of 5 effective rural East Texas superintendents on the topic of school leadership. The researcher conducted a qualitative study in which five effective rural East Texas superintendents were interviewed to discover factors to effective school leadership. A review of the literature produced seven themes that guided the study: history of public schools in Texas, history of the school superintendent, rural public schools, teaching and learning in rural schools, challenges of the rural school superintendent, standards for school superintendents, and traits of effective school superintendents. Participant interviews focused on the perceptions of challenges faced by rural East Texas superintendents and practices used to manage school districts effectively. The findings supported recommendations regarding the need for rural East Texas superintendents to be versatile, possess good people skills, encourage collaboration, constantly seek improvement, and be financially savvy.


Chuck Holt

Subject Categories

Education | Educational Administration and Supervision