Using the E3 Model of Gender Type Perception to Understand Changes in Attitudes About Homosexuals in the USA

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Date of Award

Summer 2018


In the late 1990s research was conducted on gender types (e.g., housewife, nerd) in an attempt to understand how people organized these types in their mind (Green, Ashmore, & Manzi, 2005). One of the types investigated was the homosexual. Homosexual targets were generally evaluated negatively and were organized together with other “bad people.” Many things have changed in the last 20 years. The military changed their policy towards homosexuality, the Federal Courts legalized gay marriage, along with many other victories of the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer or Questioning) community. I investigated if there is still a tendency to evaluate homosexual targets negatively and to organize them with other negative targets holds true today. The purpose of this study was to identify whether there have been any changes in the stereotype perception of homosexuals.


Raymond J Green

Subject Categories

Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences