Title

The Eagle and the Crescent: Ideology and Conflict Between the Muslim Brotherhood and Egyptian State, 1948-1966

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

History

Date of Award

Summer 2018

Abstract

In 1966, Sayyid Qutb, the prominent Egyptian public intellectual and ideological leader of the Society of Muslim Brothers, also called the Muslim Brotherhood, was executed for his participation in an assassination conspiracy against Egyptian Prime Minister Gamal Abdel Nasser. Qutb’s execution was the product of almost two decades of escalating hostilities between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Nasserist state. Prior to the July 23rd Revolution in 1952, the Brotherhood and the Free Officers Movement were allied against the British-supported monarch King Farouk I. However, after Nasser secured leadership of the Egyptian state, his refusal to recognize Brotherhood demands to enshrine Qur’anic principles into law led to an increasingly adversarial relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood.

Advisor

William F Kuracina

Subject Categories

Arts and Humanities | History

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